Training frontliners, victims and formers to prevent radicalisation, supporting de-radicalisation and disengagement and encouraging citizenship.
The first TERRA project, TERRA I, produced the TERRA toolkit, a comprehensive resource for front line workers. It is designed to support people who come into professional contact with young people who may be at risk of radicalising. The Terra toolkit consists of guidelines for teachers, youth workers, law enforcement personnel and religious leaders on how to recognise radicalisation, how to tackle it, and how to take part in a community approach. Short tip sheets are also available for these target groups. The toolkit also includes guidelines for journalists and for policy makers at local and national level. Behind each profile, there is a short film containing the testimonies of victims of terrorism and former terrorists, along with interviews with representatives of each of the target groups on their role in the prevention of radicalisation. The Terra toolkit is available in Dutch and in English.
In TERRA II the TERRA Toolkit was implemented more widely through a train the trainers program which was delivered in various European countries. On the basis of the psychosocial processes around radicalisation, a curriculum was developed for schools through the European Citizenship Program. As the third pillar of TERRA II, evidence based policy advice was developed for the European governments.
The TERRA training of trainers offers training for teachers, youth workers, law enforcement personnel, religious leaders, journalists and policy makers from local and national government on the prevention of radicalisation. It gives an introduction on what we understand radicalisation to be, how a radicalisation process can develop, and which factors can influence it. The training programme consists of 10 sessions, including recommendations for each target group on their role in the prevention of radicalisation. The material for the sessions is in the form of powerpoints and is available in Dutch, English and Spanish. An English language handbook accompanies this material and some inspiration material for trainers is available in English and Dutch.
The UCARE curriculum consists of 7 workshops and complementary lessons which can be given for secondary school students aged between 14 and 17. This material is accompanied by a handbook for teachers. The teaching material is geared towards developing social skills which work against the radicalisation process. It is therefore not targeted at high risk social groups but in general at young people and the stimulation of their active and positive citizenship. It contains practical exercises designed to help students find out how group pressure works, how you can see something from various perspectives, and concepts such as identity. The lessons are designed so that any secondary level teacher could deliver them, no special knowledge around radicalisation is needed. The curriculum is available in Dutch, English and Spanish.
The Terra evidence based policy advice is based upon a needs analysis carried out amongst policy makers and professionals who are engaged with radicalisation, an analysis of four European good practices and a literature review. The policy documents includes important insights on how resilience can be stimulated, how discrimination can be tackled and how important constructive communication from the government is. The analysis of the four good practices: the Aarhus model, the Exit Hayat programme, the Prevent strategy in England and the Dutch Integration policy giva a blueprint for effective counter extremism policy on various levels, national primary prevention, national targeted prevention, local policy and grass root interventions. The evidence based policy advice is available in English, French and German.
Both TERRA I and II were led by Impact/ Arq Psychotrauma Expert Group. Partners in TERRA II were the Quilliam Foundation, London, UK, University College Roosevelt Middelburg Netherlands and AVM-11M Madrid Spain.